Cannon Street, Salford, Manchester, M3 7EU

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The Friars Primary School

forward into the future

Areas of Need

Definition of Special Educational Need (SEN)

A child or young person has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or disability which calls for special educational provision to be made for them.

A child of compulsory school age or a young person has a learning difficulty or disability if they:

  • have a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age; or
  • have a disability which prevents or hinders them from making use of educational facilities of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream schools or mainstream post-16 institutions.

(From the Special Educational Needs and Disability (SEND) Code of Practice: 0-25 years)

Areas of SEND

The SEND Code of Practice outlines four areas of special educational need (SEN) that include a range of difficulties and conditions. Children may have difficulties that clearly fit into one of the areas. Some children may have needs in more than one area. For other children, the precise area(s) of need may not be clear at the outset and require further investigation. 

The areas are: 

  1. Cognition and Learning
  2. Speech, Language and Communication Needs (SLCN)
  3. Social, Emotional and Mental Health (SEMH)
  4. Sensory and/or Physical 

By clicking on an area of need above, you will be taken to pages that give examples of these areas of need and descriptions. 

Identification of and Assessment of SEND at The Friars Primary School